ATLAS OF RENAL PATHOLOGY

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Gouty Nephropathy

Pathology Editor: Agnes Fogo, MD
Medical Photographer: Brent Weedman

 
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Fig 1. Hyperuricemia and gout are associated with the nonspecific renal findings of vascular sclerosis, interstitial fibrosis, and tubular atrophy, as illustrated in this renal biopsy from a patient with gout. Whethe the relationship of increased uric acid and these changes are causal or not has not been definitively established. However, when urate crystals and tophaceous inflammation are present, the chronic tubulointerstitial inflammation likely is related to this injury caused by hyperuricemia. (Hematoxylin and eosin, original magnification X100).
 
 
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Fig 2. The tophus is a specific lesion related to hyperuricemia. A tophus develops due to precipitation of uric acid crystals, with surrounding inflammatory and giant cell reaction. In this patient with gout, feathery, needle-shaped crystals are present within the tubule, with tubular degeneration and surrounding inflammatory reaction and fibrosis. These microtophi are likely responsible for the chronic interstitial inflammation that is present in cases of chronic gouty nephropathy. (Hematoxylin and eosin, original magnification X200).
 

From the Department of Pathology, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN.
Address author queries to Agnes Fogo, MD, Department of Pathology, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, MCN C-3310, Nashville, TN 37232. E-mail:Agnes.Fogo@vanderbilt.edu
Am J Kidney Dis 36(6):E30, 2000 (available www.ajkd.org)
 Copyright 2000 by the National Kidney Foundation, Inc.

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