ATLAS OF RENAL PATHOLOGY

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Progressive Systemic Sclerosis

Pathology Editor: Agnes Fogo, MD
Medical Photographer: Brent Weedman
With Assistance From: Kim Solez, MD, of the National Kidney Foundation's cyberNephrologyTM Team

 
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Fig 1. In progressive systemic sclerosis, many features overlap with those seen in malignant hypertension, with fibrinoid necrosis of vessels. There may also be fibrin thrombi extending into glomeruli, overlapping with the lesions typical of thrombotic microangiopathy. However, in typical progressive systemic sclerosis, injury often extends to larger vessels, contrasting the typical predominance of glomerular involvement in thrombotic microangiopathy. An uninvolved interlobular artery and an interlobular artery with extensive fibrinoid necrosis are shown in longitudinal section, with only ischemic changes in glomeruli. (Jones' silver stain, original magnification X200).
 
 
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Fig 2. The artery shows early organization with "onion skin" change caused by lamellation and mucoid change with swelling of the intimal layer, with corrugation of the glomerular basement membrane, in this case of progressive systemic sclerosis. (Jones' silver stain, original magnification X200).
 
 
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Fig 3. In early stages of progressive systemic sclerosis, mucoid changes in the vessel wall predominate, with swollen endothelium and a mucoid appearance of the subintima, frequently with red blood cell fragments, as seen here. (Jones' silver stain, original magnification X400).
 
 
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Fig 4. In the more chronic stage of progressive systemic sclerosis, fibrous organization of the intimal injury results in a lamellated "onion skin" appearance of arteries. (Periodic acid Schiff, original magnification X400).
 
 
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Fig 5. The glomeruli show evidence of endothelial injury and ischemia, visualized by corrugation and expansion of the lamina rara interna in this case of progressive systemic sclerosis. (Transmission electron microscopy, original magnification X3,000).
 

From the Department of Pathology, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN.
Address author queries to Agnes Fogo, MD, Department of Pathology, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, MCN C-3310, Nashville, TN 37232. E-mail:Agnes.Fogo@vanderbilt.edu
Am J Kidney Dis 34(2):E1, 1999 (available www.ajkd.org)
 Copyright 1999 by the National Kidney Foundation, Inc.

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